Adenoids are small patches of tissue located at the back of the throat. They are similar to the tonsils and located right above them. Both adenoids and tonsils are part of the immune system, which helps to prevent and fight infection in your body. The adenoids can cause problems if they become enlarged. Adenoids are present at birth. They grow until a child is between the ages of 3 and 5.
G District, Andhra Pradesh India. Adenoid hypertrophy is common in children. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults is rare. Present study shows that adenoid hypertrophy is now increasing in adults because of various causes. Study shows that incidence of adenoid hypertrophy is increasing as the cause of nasal obstruction in adults. This study identified the different causes of adenoid hypertrophy in adult patients. The common causes of adenoid hypertrophy in adults are chronic infection and allergy.
Pharyngeal tonsils, or "adenoids," are well known, and the frequency of their pathologic importance in children is recognized even among laymen. This may induce the opinion that they are peculiarly a phenomenon of childhood. I have even heard them dismissed as not occurring in adults. Texts usually give them passing or no mention in a discussion of the nasal, pharyngeal and otologic diseases of adults, often with such statements as this by Politzer; "The catarrhs of the middle ear. I present an analysis of nineteen cases of adenoids in adults which to me proves that carelessness in thought and in examination should be more carefully guarded against.
Adenoid hypertrophy enlarged adenoids is the unusual growth hypertrophy of the adenoid pharyngeal tonsil first described in by the Danish physician Wilhelm Meyer — in Copenhagen. He described a long term adenoid hypertrophy that will cause an obstruction of the nasal airways. These will lead to a dentofacial growth anomaly that was defined as "adenoid facies" see long face syndrome.